Madras state was formed in 1956 and renamed as Tamil Nadu on January 14, 1969. Tamilnadu is one of the 28 states of India. Tamil Nadu lies on the eastern coast of the Southern Indian Peninsula bordered by Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, Eleventh Largest state in India by Area. Tamil Nadu is the homeland of Tamil People and Tamil Language. The Language has been in written form 5000 years back and speaking long before that. Chennai (Madras) is the capital city of Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu History
It is said that what we call as the Kumarikandam and the Lemuria continents as vouched by the European historians are one and same. So, it is confirmed that the history of Tamils began from the Lemuria era itself. Kaveripoom-pattinam and Vaanagiri findings of Chola gold coins and that of Roman gold coins reveal that Tamil People have survived in Sea Trade with various countries across globe in those days itself. Sangam Period is described as the Golden Period of Tamilnadu. Tamilnadu have ruled by most powerful kings like Chera, Chola and Pandya and Pallavas. After that Mughals, Nayaks and Europeans entered Tamilnadu. India got Independence on 15th August 1947. Andhra Kesari T.Prakasam became the first chief minister of Madras Presidency.
Tamil Nadu and Tamil People
Tamil People also called Tamils or Tamilians. There are an estimated more than 70 million Tamil People living in countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South Africa, Singapore, Pakistan, Mauritius, New Zealand, Australia, Canada, United States and Europe other than Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu People Culture
Tamil People considered to be one of the ancient races were good at agriculture, crafts, art, literature, culture and language even in the present historic days. They also laid more emphasis on blood relationship, particularly on the maternal side, hence the concept of joint family, race, region and language occupied pride of place.
Tamil Nadu Arts
Bharatha Naatyam is a unique form of Dance in Tamil Nadu, Very ancient and classic form of dancing. The raagaas of Karnatic music also originated from Tamil Music. Some of the Heroic Games of Tamil Nadu are “Silambam”, “Boxing” and “Jallikattu”.
Tamil Literature has a long and glorious past. Its five grand epics are Silappathikaram, Manimehalai, Kundalakesi, Seevaha sinthamani, and Valayapathi. The traditional traits in literatures are Periya puranam, Thevaram, Thiruppavai, Thiruvembavai, Seerapuranam and Thembavani.
Tamil Nadu Food
Tamil Cuisine includes Dosai, Idly, Vadai, Pongal and Uthappam. These dishes are served with Sambar, Rasam, Kootu, Aviyal, Chatni and Poriyal. The Chettinad region is famous for its spicy non-vegetarian cuisine. The Tirunelveli region is also famous for Wheat Halwa. The fast food culture is witnessing a steady growth in Tamilnadu in recent years.
Tamil Nadu Festivals
Lot of Historic Festivals has been celebrating in Tamil Nadu. Some of the famous festivals are Pongal, Deepavali, Kaarthikai, Navarathri, Ayudha Pooja, Vinayakar Chathurthi, Ramzan, Bakrid, Easter and Christmas.
Tamil Nadu Agriculture
Tamilnadu has historically been an agricultural state. At present, Tamil Nadu is India’s second biggest producer of rice, next to Punjab where there is perennial source of irrigation. The Cauvery delta region of the composite Thanjavur district is known as the “rice bowl of South India”. Tamil Nadu is the largest producer of flowers, vegetables, fruits and spices.
Borders of Tamilnadu
Tamilnadu Administrative Units